The uses of AFLP for detecting DNA polymorphism, genotype identification and genetic diversity between yeasts isolated from Mexican agave-distilled beverages and from grape musts

E.P. FLORES BERRIOS, J.F. ALBA GONZA LEZ, J.P. ARRIZON GAVIN O, P. ROMANO, A. CAPECE AND A. GSCHAEDLER MATHIS.
Letters in Applied Microbiology 2005, 41, 147-152

Aims: The objectives were to determine the variability and to compare the genetic diversity obtained using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers in analyses of wine, tequila, mezcal, sotol and raicilla yeasts.
Methods and Results: A molecular characterization of yeasts isolated from Mexican agave musts, has been performed by AFLP marker analysis, using reference wine strains from Italian and South African regions.
Conclusions: A direct co-relation between genetic profile, origin and fermentation process of strains was found especially in strains isolated from agave must. In addition, unique molecular markers were obtained for all the strains using six combination primers, confirming the discriminatory power of AFLP markers.
Significance and Impact of the Study: This is the first report of molecular characterization between yeasts isolated from different Mexican traditional agave-istilled beverages, which shows high genetic differences with respect to wine strains.
Keywords: agave yeasts, amplified fragment length polymorphism, genetic diversity, mezcal, tequila.


The uses of AFLP for detecting DNA polymorphism, genotype identification and genetic diversity between yeasts isolated from Mexican agave-distilled beverages and from grape musts